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  • Srebrenica: A Cry From the Grave is a new film from UK-based Antelope which documents Europe's largest single massacre since World War II. The film won the Jury Prize upon its premiere at the International Documentary Festival in Amsterdam in November, 1999. It has since been broadcast on television throughout Europe and the United States. Click on the above link to view the website or to check local PBS affiliates' air dates for rebroadcasts.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Prepared under the direction of the Historical Section of the Foreign Office February 1919 -
    No. 10, pp.83 (Pdf - 23,6 kb)
  • Most wanted: Yugoslavia's top suspects
  • The U.S., Bosnia, and Henry Kissinger´s Lie.,
    by Michael Sells (Pdf - 15,3 kb)

Ukraine Is Palestine, Not Israel
Sep 14, 2022 SLAVOJ ŽIŽEK
For international relations to work, all parties must at least speak the same language when they use concepts like freedom and occupation. By putting themselves in the same boat as the Israelis, rather than the Palestinians, the Ukrainians are ceding a large chunk of the moral high ground. LJUBLJANA – I once asked my younger son if he could pass the salt, only to be met with the response, “Of course I can!” When I repeated my request, he snapped back: “You asked me if I could do it, and I answered you. You didn’t tell me that I should do it.”

Who was freer in this situation – me or my son? If we understand freedom as freedom of choice, my son was freer, because he had an additional choice about how to interpret my question. He could take it literally, or he could interpret it in the usual sense, as a request that was formulated as a question out of politeness. By contrast, I effectively renounced this choice and automatically relied on the conventional sense....

Sarajevo, the city where east meets west
Its idyllic mountain setting and diverse heritage makes Sarajevo one of Europe’s most intriguing cities. Yet it is its indomitable spirit that makes it truly special .
If ever a greeting has momentarily filled my head with mixed emotions, it was the one offered to me the other day by a smiling young taxi driver at an airport. “Welcome to Sarajevo,” he announced, and then he sped me off to my hotel in Bašcaršija, the city’s cultural and historic heart. Although Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is a name which might seem inextricably linked to war and tragedy, the passing of 20 years has done much to heal this remarkable and resilient city, and tourism is now sharply on the rise. The reason is obvious. Sarajevo is beautiful. The city is tucked inside a long, thin valley and surrounded on all sides by forested mountains, and almost every crossroads and street corner provides at least a glimpse of an idyllic picture-postcard backdrop.... (more....)

Grim history of Bosnia’s 'rape hotel' - BBC News

There must be no impunity for sexual crimes committed in war - that's the warning from the EU's ambassador to Bosnia. It comes as the country struggles to deal with the legacy of mass rape. According to human rights groups as many as twenty thousand women were raped in the early nineties, often at camps set up for that purpose. BBC's Special Correspondent Fergal Keane reports now from the town of Visegrad. His report contains some distressing images from the start.Check out our website:

The Guardian: Bringing up the bodies in Bosnia (by Ed Vulliamy)
They are the unquiet dead. Laid out in rows inside a former industrial building on the edge of the Bosnian town of Sanski Most. Some of the skeletons are almost complete, others just a pelvic bone and some assorted ribs, arranged as though to await the arrival of more. This place was used to process wood before Bosnia’s war of the early 1990s, and now it processes – it endeavours to assemble – the dead. The remains are laid out on raised trays, and at the foot of each lies possessions found with the body when it was exhumed, invariably from a mass grave. So to walk through this hall of death is also to walk through these people’s lives and last moments. A pair of trainers here, a checked shirt there, a watch or wallet. What made this person choose a yellow sweater rather than another on a market rail, and chance to be wearing it when taken out to be murdered? Why striped socks beneath this half-assembly of bones, plain ones to accompany the next? Who were these people? (more...)

Radislav Krstic
United Nations: International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
“This is a crime against all humankind.”
“This youngest boy I had, those little hands of his, how could
they be dead? Every morning I wake up I cover my eyes not to look at other children going to school.”
Witness DD testified with her name and identity withheld from the public.
A Bosnian Muslim woman, she told Judges how she lost her husband and two sons in the July 1995 Srebrenica genocide.
She testified on 26 July 2000 in the case against Radislav Krstic. (more...)

Srebrenica Genocide, 8000 Victims: International Tribunal Facts & Evidence (The First Genocide in Europe Since World War II)
A 11 July 1995 file photo shows an elderly Bosniak woman and her husband getting treatment for injuries inflicted on them by Serb military forces as they fled Srebrenica after it was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces. The man on the right died shortly after the picture was taken. During the Srebrenica genocide, Serb forces rounded up and killed 8,000 Bosniak men and boys, and expelled thousands of women after abusing and raping many of them.. (more...)

cetnici ubijaju bosnjakeHerzegovina: After 72 years, first funerals for victims of Cavkarica cave

Seventy-two years after the horrible crime of August 1941, when so-called “insurgents” – several hundred Bosniaks, many children – were thrown hundreds of meters deep into Cavkarica cave in the Herzegovinian karst near Bileca, on 11 August in Plana kod Bilece a funeral to the innocent victims will be performed for the first time... (more....)

bakir izetbegovic, angelina jolie and william hagueActress and UNHCR envoy Angelina Jolie joins forces with William Hague as they hail Bosnia’s decision to include rape prevention in military training
Jolie and William Hague addressed conference on sexual violence in conflict, organised in Sarajevo by Bosnia's Defence Ministry
Mr Hague and Jolie visited widows and mothers of genocide victims in Srebrenica - a Bosnian town where Serb forces killed more than 8,000 Muslim men and boys in 1995. Jolie came out of the meeting crying... (more...)
Huge Bosnia mass grave excavated at Tomasica
Forensic scientists in Bosnia have dug up the remains of 360 people at what is believed to be the largest mass grave from the war in the 1990s.
genocide in PrijedorThe grave lies in the village of Tomasica in north-western Bosnia. Non-Serbs were persecuted in the area by Bosnian Serb troops during the war. Officials believe the remains of some 1,000 Bosniak Muslim and ethnic Croat men, women and children may be found. Until recently Bosnian Serb witnesses kept silent about the grave's location. Sixteen Bosnian Serbs have so far been found guilty of war crimes in the area. The nearby town of Prijedor was a Bosnian Serb stronghold during the war. Atrocities were committed by Bosnian Serbs at prison camps in the area. In some other parts of Bosnia-Hercegovina Bosnian Serb civilians were the victims of atrocities committed by Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) or Bosnian Croat forces.

Before the Tomasica grave was pinpointed, the biggest mass grave found in Bosnia was at Crni Vrh in Srebrenica, where 629 bodies were dug up. The Srebrenica massacre was the most notorious atrocity committed by Bosnian Serb forces. The Tomasica grave covers more than 5,000 sq m (53,820 sq ft) and is 10m (about 30 ft) deep, the Associated Press reports. The forensic teams have found bullets in the grave, suggesting that some victims were shot at the site, the agency adds. (BBC News)

Murderers are being allowed to go free
In a confidential letter, a Danish judge serving on the UN tribunal in The Hague criticises the tribunal for allowing senior Yugoslav officers accused of war crimes to go free
Several of the military leaders who in the early 90s helped reduce Yugoslavia, a country that had been an idyllic holiday destination, to ruins and who share responsibility for the executions, expulsion, shocking violence, burning of houses and ethnic cleansing suffered by the civilian population are now free – though they should have received severe sentences. This is the opinion of one of the top Danes in the international judiciary, Frederik Harhoff. Harhoff is a judge on the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. His criticism amounts to a severe and dramatic accusation against the tribunal as a whole. He maintains that the American president of the tribunal has exercised 'persistent' and 'intense' pressure on his fellow judges to allow top-ranking officers to go free.
Bosnian Serb Zdravko Tolimir convicted over Srebrenica
A Bosnian Serb former general has been sentenced to life in prison for genocide during the Bosnian war at the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague. Zdravko Tolimir was convicted for his involvement in the killings of more than 7,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys at Srebrenica in 1995. Tolimir, 64, was arrested in Serbia in 2007 after two years on the run. Judges said the former intelligence chief was the "right hand" of Ratko Mladic, also on trial at The Hague. Three judges on the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) found Tolimir jointly responsible for some of the most notorious crimes against humanity committed by Serb forces during the 1992-95 conflict. "The accused not only had knowledge of genocidal intent of others but also possessed it himself," said Presiding Judge Christoph Fluegge.
"He is therefore responsible for the crime of genocide." (more..)

Global Post
Where is the justice for Karadzic’s victims?
Michael GoldfarbBy Michael Goldfarb
LONDON, UK — “Instead of being accused of the events in our war, I should be rewarded for all the good things I have done." Those were the words of former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic on opening his defense at the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia in the Hague on Monday. They were unsurprising perhaps, but no less jaw-dropping for being so at odds with what actually happened in the country.
When you flew into Sarajevo during the latter stages of its siege by Bosnian Serb forces, you arrived by military transport plane, human cargo together with relief supplies. The rear loading door would slide down and you were whisked away because Serbian gunners were in place on the far side of the runway to take potshots — or not, depending on their moods. Visiting journalists were hustled through a warren of sandbags that resembled a World War I trench. You would meet your driver on the far side of the terminal and begin the journey downtown.(more...)

Libya: New Proof of Mass Killings at Gaddafi Death Site
Beirut – New evidence collected by Human Rights Watch implicates Misrata-based militias in the apparent execution of dozens of detainees following the capture and death of Muammar Gaddafi one year ago. The Libyan authorities have failed to carry out their pledge to investigate the death of Gaddafi, Libya’s former dictator, his son Mutassim, and dozens of others in rebel custody. The 50-page report, “Death of a Dictator: Bloody Vengeance in Sirte,”details the final hours of Muammar Gaddafi’s life and the circumstances under which he was killed. It presents evidence that Misrata-based militias captured and disarmed members of the Gaddafi convoy and, after bringing them under their total control, subjected them to brutal beatings. They then executed at least 66 captured members of the convoy at the nearby Mahari Hotel. The evidence indicates that opposition militias took Gaddafi’s wounded son Mutassim from Sirte to Misrata and killed him there. (more...)

On August 29, as Radovan Karadzic is scheduled to make another appearance before the Tribunal, the question that is asked now: what were the motivations behind a Karadzic/Holbrooke deal? Most people would question why a representative of the US Government would engage in deal making with a person who directed some of the most detestable crimes and genocide as the then president of the Republika Srpska and even after Karadzic had been indicted by International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, (ICTY)? The motivations for such a deal were several presumably advancing the peace process but also parochial interests of the promoters of the Dayton Accords: - Karadzic’s candidacy for the Presidency of BiH in 1996 was contrary to the Dayton Accords due to his indictment by the ICTY, and removing him from the political scene was a precondition for holding “free and fair” elections in all of BiH. - Karadzic’s continued public, political engagement was vivid evidence of the lack of will to arrest him and Mladic, despite a year earlier indictment by the ICTY, and was embarrassing the US and promoters of the Dayton Accords. - The timing, September 1996, of elections in BiH was not coincidental but fashioned to be proof the superiority of the Holbrooke and thereby Clinton strategy in Bosnia over that of rival Bob Dole, (and Holbrooke also had his aspirations for Secretary of State as well as the Nobel Peace Prize). - Karadzic’s or Mladic’s arrest was not desirable potentially exposing “big power” acquiescence, complicity and other “deals.” (more...)

TUZLA, May 25 (FENA) – The non-governmental organization Association Truth for Justice (Udruženje Istina za pravdu), which acts from 2006 in Tuzla, has started web site on the occasion of annotating May 25, the day when forces of RS Army killed 71 people from Tuzla with the grenade shut from Ozren, it was announced from BMG Bosnian Media Group Tuzla...(more..)
Yugoslavia's new president, Vojislav Kostunica, got his regional foreign policy off to a shaky start yesterday by visiting the Serb part of Bosnia for the re-burial of a nationalist poet who was much admired by the indicted war criminal and former Bosnian leader, Radovan Karadzic. The controversial visit was slightly softened after Mr Kostunica, listening to pleas from Bosnian Muslim leaders and the UN's international administrators, agreed to stop briefly in the Bosnian capital Sarajevo before returning to Belgrade. (more..)

The return of Abu Ghraib
Abu Ghraib has come back to haunt the US government.
The latest pictures from the prison are another disaster for the image of the US presence in Iraq (formally an occupation at the time the photos were probably taken, in 2003). They could hardly have come out at a worse time, amid the furore over the Danish cartoons and immediately after the emergence of a video showing British troops beating up Iraqi protesters. (BBS NEWS)

In pictures: New Abu Ghraib images YOUR PICTURE GALLERY IS NOW LOADING...
These previously unpublished images show apparent US abuse of prisoners in Iraq's Abu Ghraib jail in 2003. WARNING

Berg decapitation video was filmed inside the Abu Ghraib prison
by Hector Carreon
La Voz de Aztlan Los Angeles,

Alta California - May 16, 2004 - (ACN) There is now ample evidence that the video showing the decapitation of 26 year old Nicholas Berg of Philadelphia by purported Al queda members is a complete fraud. The real Nick Berg may or may not be dead, but the heavily edited video is nothing but a fake. This is the conclusion of La Voz de Aztlan after a frame by frame analysis and the conclusion of hundreds of film, medical and other experts world wide who downloaded, viewed and analyzed the video as well. Literally thousands of persons world wide requested the video, which is rapidly disappearing from the Internet, after our news service published "Nick Berg decapitation video declared a fraud by medical doctor" on Wednesday May 12 and which was linked by other independent news services on the World Wide Web....

Shocking images revealed at Britain's 'Abu Ghraib trial'
Audrey Gillan in Osnabrück
Wednesday January 19, 2005
The Guardian
Photograph no 22, of a set of 22, showing Lance Corporal Mark Cooley 'simulating' a punch to an Iraqi detainee. Photograph: British Court Martian Handout/PA Images of British soldiers described as shocking and appalling that allegedly show the abuse of Iraqi prisoners were shown to a court martial in Germany yesterday as the long-awaited case of three members of the 1st Battalion the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers got underway.
Sarajevo massacre remembered
By Jim Fish
BBC World Affairs Correspondent It was one of the single most bloody events of the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and one of the most mysterious. The single shell blast in Sarajevo's Markale market on 5 February 1994 killed 68 people and wounded more than 100. (BBC NEWS)

Profile: Ratko Mladic
Ratko Mladic was Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic's army chief throughout the Bosnian war.
Perica Vucinic, Reporter (Bosnia edition), Banja Luka, Republika Srpska,
May 16, 2001.
On May 7, 2001, thousands of Serb protesters forced the cancellation of an attempt to lay the cornerstone for rebuilding the Ferhadija mosque in the now heavily Serb city of Banja Luka, Bosnia.
Bosnian Serbs adopt war crimes law
( - BBC Bosnian Serbs finally agree to co-operate with the UN war crimes tribunal, in a move which could lead to the extradition of indicted war criminals.

TUZLA, June 18 - According to the records of the Labour Exchange of the Tuzla Canton end May there were 75,662 unemployed people in this Canton, out of which 59% of trained personnel. Among the trained personnel qualified workers make a majority, followed by those with secondary school qualifications, highly skilled workers, and by those with two-year post-secondary school or university qualifications. In May 2,282 new persons registered with the Labour Exchange, while at the same time 1,182 persons unregistered.
MOSTAR, June 14 - The Head of the OSCE Mission to BiH, Robert Beecroft, will visit Mostar on Tuesday, where he will meet with the functionaries of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton as well as with the representatives of political, economic and social life, a statement issued by the OSCE Office in Mostar says. During his stay in Mostar Beecroft will visit premises of the "Metalia" company where he will have talks with the general manager of the company, Nermin Colic, and the chef executive of the Mostar municipality North, Edin Music. Beecroft will be the host of the conference "Determination in Education" which will be attended by ministers of education, pupils and students.
THE United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague has ordered Slobodan Milosevic, the former Yugoslav President, to stand trial for the murder of hundreds of civilians and the expulsion of 170,000 non-Serbs from Croatia during 1991-1992. The indictment accuses Mr Milosevic of torture, murder, plunder, unlawful imprisonment and other “inhuman acts” during Serbian “ethnic cleansing”. It comes on top of his prosecution for alleged atrocities against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo in 1999. Carla Del Ponte, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, is also preparing to indict Mr Milosevic for genocide, the most serious international crime, in Bosnia. The charges over Belgrade’s role in the Croatian and Bosnian conflicts have been more difficult to establish than the case alleging Mr Milosevic’s responsibility for atrocities against the Kosovo Albanians. The Kosovo acts were mainly the work of regular Serb military units and security forces reporting to Belgrade. In the wars in Bosnia and Croatia, Belgrade kept a distance, claiming that Serbian nationalist forces in the respective former Yugoslav republics were operating on their own. Mr Milosevic was the President of the Republic of Serbia at the time of the alleged crimes in Croatia and was thus responsible for the actions of his subordinates, the Hague prosecutors allege. The latest indictment says that Mr Milosevic tried to remove forcibly most of the Croatian population and other non-Serbs from about one third of the Republic of Croatia. It adds that the goal was to incorporate the Croatian regions into a “greater Serbian State” inhabited only by Serbs.

Forensic experts exhume bodies from mass graves in Bosnia The Associated Press
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) -- Forensic experts are exhuming a mass grave that appears to contain the remains of hundreds of people slain during the war in Bosnia, officials said Saturday. The dismembered body parts stacked in 162 sacks are believed to be Muslims slain in the eastern town of Srebrenica, the site of the worst massacre in Europe since the end of World War II. The bodies were discovered near the Bosnian Serb town of Zvornik, just a few miles from Srebrenica, said Murat Hurtic, a member of the Muslim Commission for Missing Persons. The site may contain the remains of as many as 250 people. Investigators refused to provide details about the site's precise location. The final count on the number of victims will be determined after DNA tests are done. Srebrenica was declared a U.N. "safe haven" toward the end of Bosnia's 1992-95 war, and thousands of Muslims flocked there to escape Serb attacks. But Bosnian Serb troops later overran the town, rounding up and executing up to 8,000 men and boys. More than 4,000 bodies have been found so far in mass graves nearby. Meanwhile, a separate mass grave was uncovered in the northwestern part of Bosnia. Forensic experts discovered the bodies of 75 Muslims killed by Serb troops, said Jasmin Odobasic, the deputy head of the commission. "We are continuing to work and will probably discover dozens of new bodies next week," he said. The second mass grave was found last week in a former iron mine near the Serb-held town of Prijedor, some 110 miles northwest of the capital, Sarajevo. Some 200,000 people died during the war in Bosnia.

Balkan Anxieties over American Tragedy Friend or foe, people in the region fear the possible fall-out from the hijack attacks. By Tanya Domi in New York and Janez Kovac in Sarajevo
As horror ripped through New York and Washington, people in the Balkans watched the developing drama with mixed feelings. Depending on whether ally or foe, a few celebrated, many grieved openly, but all feared possible consequences of the terror in America. "After yesterday, the world is not the same, politically, economically or psychologically," said Serbian Premier Zoran Djindjic. Djindjic warned that the US and other Western countries could now move toward "psychological isolationism". He cautioned the West against sacrificing the efforts to find political solutions to the world's problems in favour of an unachievable goal of seeking total security through military means. The Bosnian premier, Zlatko Lagumdzija, repeated these words almost to the letter and offered assistance not only in protecting US citizens in Bosnia but also in tackling international terrorism. "Today is a new day in history," Lagumdzija said. He warned Bosnians that they may have to adjust themselves to possible changes in US foreign policy, as other concerns take precedence over the Balkans. These fears appear justified, since throughout the past decade Balkans has been heavily dependent on the US, and a major change in priorities in Washington could have a huge impact in the region. While all Western military, diplomatic and aid efforts have been multinational, Washington has been far and away the dominant player, forging an essential link between the US and the Balkans. The strength of the relationship was called into question during the US presidential election when the Bush campaign raised the possibility of withdrawing US troops. As president, however, George W. Bush has reconfirmed US engagement, although troops and funding are being gradually reduced. But many in the region fear that after the terrorist attack, US involvement may be substantially cut or even ended. Patrik Volf, a spokesman for the international community's high representative in Bosnia, sought to deflect concerns over US involvement. "The United States has made a firm commitment to Bosnia and Herzegovina," he said. "We're confident that the US will live up to this commitment." Bosnia has a particular tie with the US, as the peace agreement and many other crucial steps in bringing its war to a close were driven by Americans. Other Balkan countries have different relationships with Washington, and thus have particular reasons for concern. Only a couple of years ago, Serbia was at war with America and other NATO countries, which bombed targets across Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in an attempt to stop Serb atrocities in Kosovo. Yugoslavia has been expecting its first serious financial aid and is now anxious that US may use the persistence of anti-American sentiment among sections of the Belgrade administration to backtrack on funding. Many Serbs are shocked and in grieving over the events in New York and Washington. But many others in Yugoslavia still obviously harbour anti-American sentiments, which will hardly ingratiate the country with a wounded and angry America. "I am still celebrating together with Palestinians," a Serb who identified himself only as a refugee from Bosnia and Herzegovina, said on Wednesday in a live radio programme in Montenegro. Ethnic Macedonians have harshly criticised the US involvement in their country, accusing Washington of supporting "Albanian terrorists". Yet while the peace agreement there remains fragile, for the moment any such awkward language was put aside and Macedonian political leaders joined with the visiting NATO chief Lord Robertson in observing the Europe-wide three minute of silence, held mid-day on September 14. Kosovo and Bosnia share one specific cause for concern: during their own wars, some extremist Muslim elements maintained links with the prime suspect behind the US hijack attacks, Osama bin Laden. Although there is no evidence that bin Laden himself was ever present in the Balkans, some of his followers may have used the chaos of the wars in Bosnia and Kosovo to infiltrate the region. Indeed, leaders in both Bosnia and Kosovo welcomed any help they could get while fighting against Serbs and thus accepted the support of a number of radical Islamic fighters. Some of these fighters, known as mujahidin, joined in the war in Bosnia, and some even took up Bosnian passports. The main motivation for others, however, was to establish a training ground for terrorist attacks against the West and to participate in the lucrative business of weapon and drug trafficking. While most were forced to flee after the wars ended, some stayed, marrying Bosnian women. On September 17 1999, Turkish secret police arrested 30-year-old Algerian Mehrez Aldouni, who was on Interpol's red list of most wanted terrorist suspects and reportedly an associate of bin Laden. He was carrying a Bosnian passport. Those Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks) who do actively practice religion follow a very moderate form of Islam, and there is no question of extreme Islam in the country. Nevertheless, Bosnia, and to a degree Kosovo, are concerned that reports about terrorist connections, or more generally the growing anti-Muslim sentiment in the US, on their territory could damage relations with the West. Political concerns aside, many people throughout the region expressed simple solidarity with the victims. The day after the attack on the World Trade Centre, more than 1,000 Kosovo Albanians gathered spontaneously on the streets of Pristina in a silent commemoration. Hundreds of candles were left in silence on the doorsteps of American Liaison Centre. People in Sarajevo laid flowers in front of the closed US embassy, and most of the countries in the region observed the September 14 day of mourning for the victims. When news of the attack first broke, streets of many towns throughout the region looked ghostly, abandoned as people ran home from work to watch the American agony broadcast live on most of the local radio and television stations. From their own experience throughout the recent Balkan wars, many of them understood too well what Americans were going through. Tanya Domi, a former OSCE spokesperson in Bosnia, is pursuing post-graduate studies at Columbia University in New York. Janez Kovac is a regular IWPR contributor. Gordana Igric in London, Saso Ordanoski in Skopje and Nehat Islami in Pristina also contributed to this report.


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